Archive for January, 2010

Tax Time – Come On In

Friday, January 8th, 2010

Just a quick reminder that in the next few weeks (if not now), W-2s will be coming out and for those of you that are out of work, you still need to at least look at your tax information to see if you need to file or not.

Please relax and don’t worry.  I am available to help you with your tax needs.

Just drop me a line and at the very least we can talk about what is unique in your case.

I have been doing returns for a long time and I have a good idea of where you might be coming from.

Have a Great Weekend!

Kim Isaac Greenblatt

Tax Time, Come on In

Tax Changes You Need To Know for 2009, 2010 and Beyond

Thursday, January 7th, 2010
Hi Gang. It’s me, Kim Isaac Greenblatt, with the incredibly dry (but highly accurate and useful) tax law changes that affect doing your 2009 tax returns (being done in 2010) and some other tax changes that will affect you for the upcoming years.

2009 PROVISIONS (tax year 2009—tax season 2010)

1) American Opportunity Tax Credit

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§25A

Form 8863

2009 and 2010

The maximum credit has been increased to $2,500 (100% of first $2,000 expenses, 25% of next $2,000 expenses). This applies to the first four years of post-secondary education and is 40% refundable unless claimed by a child subject to kiddie tax. Your phase outs are as follows: Phases out at $80,000-$90,000 MAGI ($160,000-$180,000 MFJ). Other particulars are that students in Midwest Disaster Area may instead claim an enhanced Hope credit of up to $3,600 for 2009. For this and all the other specific changes check out the irs website.

 

2) AMT patch

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§§ 55 and 26

Form 6251

For 2009 only, the AMT exemption increased to $46,700 ($70,950 MFJ). Also you will see that Nonrefundable personal credits allowed for AMT. Thank heaven for small favors, huh?

 

3) Bicycle commuting fringe benefit

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§132(f)(1)

For those of you fortunate enough to be able to bike ride to work and for their employers.

2009 and later years

Qualified tax-exempt transportation fringe benefit; NOT a tax credit-This means that it will help employers specifically.

The allowance is up to $20/month (maximum $240/year) to reimburse employees who regularly commute to work via bicycle. Keep on pedal pushing, people!

4) Casualty losses

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§165

Form 4684

Change for 2009 only

The $100 per casualty floor for individual casualty losses is temporarily raised to $500 per casualty. I think that is because there has been too darn many floods, hurricaines, tornadoes, etc.

5) Child Tax Credit

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

Form 8812

2009 and 2010

The Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC) earned income threshold decreased to $3,000 (was $8,500 in 2008). That means you have a better shot for qualifying for it if you hit all the other marks for getting ACTC.

§24

 

6) COBRA subsidy

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§§ 139C and 6432

Beginning with COBRA premiums paid after 2/16/09

COBRA premiums are 65% subsidized for up to 15 months

Jobless taxpayers who were involuntarily terminated 9/1/08 through 2/28/10

Recaptured dollar-for-dollar for taxpayers with MAGI over $125,000 ($250,000 MFJ)

7) Conversion kits

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§30B(a)(5)

2/18/09-12/31/11

 

Nonrefundable credit equal to 10% of the cost of converting to a plug-in electric drive motor vehicle. Make sure that the juice is flowing, party people.

 

Maximum credit is $4,000 and it may be claimed for a vehicle that also qualifies for the hybrid vehicle credit.

8) Depreciation

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

 

179

Form 4562

For property placed in service in 2009, there is a

Generally, any original use machinery used in farming business other than grain bin, cotton ginning asset, or other land improvements qualifies.

§§168(k), 168(e)(3)(b)(vii),50% bonus depreciation extended through 2009. Enhanced §179 deduction up to $250,000 extended through 2009. Qualified farm machinery eligible for 5-year MACRS depreciation – how many of you out there are farmers? Let me see by a show of hands, one, two, three..

9) Economic Recovery Payment (ERP)

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

 2009 only

 

One-time payment of $250 for recipients of SS, SSI, VA, or RRB benefits paid directly by the SSA, VA or RRB

 

Must have received a benefit 11/2008, 12/2008, or 1/2009

 

Reduces the Making Work Pay Credit

 

IRS will not provide verification regarding whether a taxpayer received the ERP but will reject return if ERP is missing. Basically a “bad news/good news” scenario for e-filing. The bad news is your return rejected, the good news is when we refile you will be getting back more money! Whoo hoo.

10) EITC modifications

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§32

2009 and 2010

 

Higher EITC for families with three or more children

 

Additional marriage penalty relief (phaseout threshold for MFJ increased an additional $5,000 over the range for unmarried filers)

11) First-Time Homebuyer Credit (FTHC)

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§36

Form 5405 plus substantiation

—May not e-file 2009 return with FTHC, but may e-file without the credit and later amend!Changes effective 2009

 

Refundable credit equal to 10% of home purchase

 

$8,000 ($4,000 MFS) for taxpayers who did not own principal residence in previous 3 years

$6,500 ($3,250 MFS) for long-term homeowners who owned and lived in their principal residence 5 consecutive years out of 8 and who purchase a replacement home after 11/6/09

Maximum credit

 

No repayment unless the home is sold or not used as principal residence within 3 years of purchase

 

Must close on or before by 4/30/10 (or on or before 6/30/10 if there is a binding contract by 4/30/10)

 

Claim on current or prior year tax return

 

For purchases before 11/7/09—MAGI $75,000-$95,000

($150,000-$170,000 MFJ)

For purchases after 11/6/09—MAGI $125,000-$145,000

($225,000-$245,000 MFJ)

Purchase price capped at $800,000 for homes purchased after 11/6/09 only

Phaseout

 

Special provisions apply to military

 

12) Government Retiree Credit (GRC)

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§36A(c)

Schedule M (new)

2009 only

 

One-time refundable credit of $250 ($500 if both spouses eligible)

 

For recipients of government pension based on employment that was not covered under Social Security

 

May not claim if taxpayer received Economic Recovery Payment Reduces the Making Work Pay Credit

 

13) Home sales

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§121

Schedule D

2009 and later years

 

Gain on sale of principal residence may not be excluded for a period of

nonqualified use 

Does not apply to any period before 2009

Does not apply (up to 5 years) to periods after taxpayer moves out of the home

Non-excludable gain equals the ratio of nonqualified use over total use multiplied by gain on the sale

A period in which taxpayer owns home but does not use it as principal residence (e.g. uses it as a rental or vacation home)

 

14) Making Work Pay Credit (MWPC)

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§36A

Schedule M (new)

2009 and 2010

 

Refundable credit equal to 6.2% of earned income

 

Maximum credit $400 ($800 MFJ)

 

Advanced to most taxpayers through reduced payroll withholding

 

Phases out at $75,000-$95,000 MAGI ($150,000-$190,000 MFJ)

 

taxpayers who both work) may be underwithheld for the year

Some taxpayers (those with more than one job, and married

 

Credit (GRC) reduce the MWPC – the IRS will reject returns if the taxpayer received an ERP and does not report it on Schedule M

Economic Recovery Payment (ERP) and the Government Retiree

15) Net operating loss (NOL)

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§172(b)(1)(H)

Form 1045 or 1040-X

New for 2008; rules

modified for 2009

 

provision)

NOL for year beginning or ending in 2009 may be carried back 3, 4, or 5 years instead of the default 2 years (extension of 2008

 

2009 election is not limited to small business

 

Extended carryback election is limited to one tax year

 

Certain NOL elections (such as waiving carryback period) may be amended

 

2009 NOL carried back to 5th preceding year is limited to 50% of taxable income for that year

 

16) Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§25C

Form 5695

2009 and 2010

 

principal residence is reinstated for 2009 and 2010 (no credit for

2008)

The nonrefundable credit for energy efficient improvements to a

 

Credit equal to 30% of cost of improvements

o

No dollar cap for any type of improvement

 

Maximum credit is $1,500 for 2009 and 2010 combined

 

Not reduced by any previous credit claimed in 2006-2007 

See www.energystar.gov for all specifications

 

17) Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§30D

Form 8936

New for 2009, modified

for 2010

 

2009 rules

o

from a battery with at least 4 kW hours of capacity and is

rechargeable from an external source

Newly purchased vehicle with which draws propulsion

o

For use on public streets or highways

o

on the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR)

Credit maximum ranges from $7,500-$15,000 depending

o

Phaseout triggered at sale of 250,000th vehicle

 

Low speed vehicles (LSVs) qualify for credit in 2009, but not 2010

LSVs qualifying for credit can be found at the IRS website.

 

18) Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credit

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§30(a)

Form 8834

2/18/09-12/31/11

 

Nonrefundable credit equal to 10% of cost of a “neighborhood” vehicle manufactured for use on public streets

 

Maximum credit is $2,500

 

Low-speed 4-wheeled vehicles with maximum speed 25 mph

 

For 2009, LSVs may qualify for §30D credit plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credit

 

2- and 3-wheeled vehicles

 

Must be powered by electric motor that draws electricity from battery that is rechargeable from an external source

19) Residential Energy Efficient Property Credit (REEP)

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§25D

Form 5695

Available through 2016

 

Nonrefundable credit for residential energy and hot water generated via alternative sources

 

Includes certain solar, small wind, fuel cell, and geothermal energy property

 

Credit equal to 30% of the cost of the equipment

o

$500 per 0.5/kW of capacity for fuel cells

o

No credit caps and no credit maximum

 

See www.energystar.gov for all specifications

20) RMD waiver

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

2009 only

§401(a)

 

2009 at taxpayer’s option

Required minimum distributions from IRAs, 401(k)s, etc. waived for

 

4/1/10 (but a taxpayer turning 70½ in 2008 must take the 2008

RMD by 4/1/09)

Taxpayer turning 70½ in 2009 need not take the 2009 RMD by

 

21) Section 529 plans

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§529(e)(3)(A)(iii)

2009 and 2010

 

Computer technology and equipment allowed as qualifying expense

22) UDC modifications

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§§ 152 and 24

First effective in 2009

Also see “EITC” and

“Child Tax Credit”

 

Age requirement modification: Qualifying child (QC) must be younger than taxpayer (exception if QC is totally and permanently disabled)

 

Child tax credit modification: QC must be taxpayer’s dependent (Form 8901 now obsolete) in order to claim the CTC

 

Tie-breaker modification: If parent is eligible to claim QC, but does not do so, another taxpayer may claim the child only if the other taxpayer’s AGI is higher than that of any parent eligible to claim QC

 

23) Unemployment benefits

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

2009 only

 

First $2,400 of unemployment benefits paid in 2009 are tax-exempt

 

Form 1099-G will show gross unemployment benefits paid

 

24) Vehicle sales tax deduction

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§164(a)(6)

Schedule L (new)

2/17/09-12/31/09

 

Deduction for state and local sales and excise tax for new vehicles purchased 2/17/09 through 12/31/09

 

May be claimed as an itemized deduction or added to standard deduction

 

Maximum per vehicle deduction is the tax on a vehicle costing $49,500

2010 Provisions (tax year 2010—tax season 2011)

1) Estate tax repeal

Note: It is very likely that these statutes will be modified some time this year

 

Estate tax and generation skipping tax (GST) are scheduled to be repealed for 2010

 

Gift tax exemption is $1 million

 

Limited step-up basis (to $1.3 million)

 

After 2010, gift, estate, and GST rules schedule to return to pre-2001 law

2) Expiring provisions

Unless otherwise noted, all provisions expire after 12/31/09; may be extended by new legislation later this year

a) AMT patch §55

b) Casualty losses in federal disaster area not subject to 10% of AGI

limitation §165

c) Educator’s expense deduction §62(a)(2)(D)

d) Qualified charitable distributions from IRAs §408(d)(8)

e) Standard deduction for federal disaster losses §63(c)

f) Standard deduction for real property taxes §63(c)

g) State and local sales tax deduction in lieu of income tax

deduction §164

h) Tuition and fees deduction §222

i) COBRA subsidy (must be involuntarily terminated by 2/28/10)

j) Depreciation incentives (bonus depreciation and enhanced §179)

k) RMD waiver

l) Tax-free unemployment up to $2,400

m) Economic recovery payment

n) Government retirees credit

o) First-time homebuyer credit §36 (generally, expires after 4/30/10)

p) New vehicle sales tax deduction §164(a)(6)

3) Roth IRA conversions

Forms or Tax Laws Affected:

§408A(c)(3)(B)

First effective in 2010

 

IRA no longer applies

$100,000 MAGI limitation on converting traditional IRA to Roth

 

Tax on 2010 conversion is spread over a two-year period (2011-2012)

Taxpayer may elect to tax all in 2010

No other elections available

Drop me a line if you have more questions and as I get California changes I will try to get them up.

Thanks!

Kim Isaac Greenblatt

Tax Changes You Need To Know for 2009, 2010 and Beyond

Schedule L – The New Kid or One of them On the Tax Block

Tuesday, January 5th, 2010

This year, if you are filing your Fed income taxes for 2009 and you had taxes paid for new vehicles, you will see a new form. The form, Schedule L, is used to help people who are taking the standard deduction as well since they will also be able to claim the deduction for their taxes paid on their new vehicle using the form. Be aware that if you are going through another tax preparation service and not doing your tax return yourself that there may be a small charge for the form (I am thinking around five to seven bucks if that knowing how computer services are and the cost for adding programming for the new form, etc). Here are the specifics for the new form from the IRS website:

Who must use Schedule L:
You must use Schedule L to figure your standard deduction if you have any of the following:
A net disaster loss you report on Form 4684, line 18 (Form 1040 filers only).
State or local sales or excise taxes (or certain other taxes or fees in a state without a sales tax) paid after February 16,2009, for the purchase of any new motor vehicle(s).

More information can be obtained from the IRS website or your local tax pro. Make sure that you have the form when you file please. You can bet that the IRS will be looking for it too.

Be safe and hope your New Year is going well.

Jan 05 2010
Kim Isaac Greenblatt

Schedule L – The New Kid or One of them On the Tax Block

City of Los Angeles ans State BOE Sites Are Up

Monday, January 4th, 2010

If you are running a business in Los Angeles or are collecting sales tax in the State of California, both the city business site and the State Board of Equalization sites are up and running. I went ahead and updated my info and paid where appropriate and you should too.

The deadline is end of February and for the city of LA business people, if you are making less than $100,000 in sales are year you don’t have to pay any city license fee – which is a decent thing. Please be sure not to put this off and remember that the city, county and state taxing authorities cross check information with one another as well as with the Fed.

I am taking on new clients and if you are interested in having me do your tax return, please drop me a post.

Have a great 2010 everybody.

Sincerely,
Kim Isaac Greenblatt

City of LA and State BOE Sites Are up